Urology - Frequent Wellness Problems

Many people think of a urologist if they consider conditions like prostate cancer and incontinence, but urology actually covers a much wider array of conditions. Urologists treat all diseases of the urinary tract and the male reproductive system. Some of the very common conditions people turn to the urologist for are the following:


Urology covers treating urologic cancers and cancers in the male reproductive system, most commonly prostate cancer. Cancer present in the bladder, kidney, testicles or prostate are all sometimes treated by a urologist, and may also be all fairly common. Prostate cancer, for example, is the most common non-skin cancer in American males, and one in most 10 men may have the condition at some point in his life. Bladder cancer may be the ninth most typical type of cancer among American women.

Male Sexual Dysfunction

Urology also covers treating male sexual dysfunction, which most commonly manifests as impotence (erectile dysfunction). Impotence occurs for most reasons, including aging, harm to the nerves or muscles in the reproductive organs, or as a side-effect of another chronic disease. It's a number of treatments, including those that help a person make an erection naturally and those that use devices to attain a synthetic erection. Sometimes urologist are utilized to help couples handle male infertility and attain a fruitful pregnancy.


Incontinence, or the inability to keep urine in the bladder adequately, is quite common. Many women experience this dilemma after pregnancy and childbirth, since the muscles of the pelvic floor become stretched and damaged. It may also occur as a part of the aging process, even with no pregnancy. Urologists have a number of treatments available, including medications to manage bladder spasms, physical therapy to improve the tone of the pelvic floor muscles, and surgery to reconstruct a number of the support around the bladder. The goal of this part of urology is to displace a patient's dignity through improving their quality of life.

Pediatric Care

Pediatric urology often handles birth defects affecting the urinary tract or the male reproductive organs. Common birth defects include an abnormally located urethral organ, distention of the kidney, ureteropelvic junction obstruction, and undescended testicles. Sometimes pediatric patients also need assistance from a urologist when experiencing chronic urinary tract infections. Urologists may also help with chronic bedwetting problems. Children who need assistance from a urologist are normally referred to at least one by their pediatrician.

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